What’s a Healthy Body Weight for Your Age?

Shouldn’t one of the joys of aging be to finally forget about your weight and just relax? Unfortunately, even as a senior you have to think about weight management. In fact, it can become more difficult as you age because of changes in your body.

Why It’s a Challenge to Maintain Your Weight as You Age?

It can be perplexing: You find it a little harder to fit into your regular pants, and an extra walk each day just isn’t taking care of those extra pounds. Even if you haven’t changed your diet habits, your body is changing. It’s much easier for seniors to gain weight and much tougher to lose it.

 If you feel like you’re slowing down a little, you may be right, and your body is too — specifically, your metabolism. Metabolism is the process that your body performs to burn and use calories, and when it slows down, you don’t use as many calories as you once did. Any unused calories turn into pounds and unwanted weight gain.

This means that as you age, your calorie intake should be lowered to prevent weight gain. If you’re giving your body more than it needs, you’ll put on more weight.

Exercise may also be more difficult for you as an older adult, or maybe you’re just not getting as much activity into your day as you should. Health problems, arthritis, and soreness may seem like good excuses to skip exercise, but you’re doing yourself more harm than good by being sedentary. Research suggests that regular physical activity can help boost memory, improve balance, and prevent depression among people over 65.

What’s Your Healthy Weight?

Maintaining a healthy body weight can keep you in shape through your senior years and ward off a host of health problems, including:

Ask your doctor about what your healthy body weight should be. One indicator of being overweight is your body mass index, or BMI.

Keep in mind that BMI isn’t always the best indicator for everyone, which is another reason to talk to your doctor about the goal weight you should shoot for.

Maintaining a Healthy Body Weight~!

How do you achieve a healthy body weight, especially if your aging body is working against you? It’s a tough job, but you can absolutely maintain a healthy body weight as a senior.

First, figure out how many calories you need to eat in a day to get to and maintain your ideal weight. Women over age 50 who are inactive and get little to no exercise need about 1,600 calories each day. That number jumps to 2,000 to 2,200 for very active women, and it’s in the middle, at about 1,800 calories, for those whose activity levels are average.

Men over age 50 need about 2,000 calories each day if they’re not very active, and between 2,200 and 2,400 if they’re moderately active. Men who get a lot of physical activity each day need between 2,400 and 2,800 calories.

Start with these basic numbers in mind, then meet your needs with healthy foods — not just any old calories. To stay full and satisfied while losing weight, try these changes to your diet:

  • Add foods rich in fiber, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Limit salt and fat.
  • Drink a lot of water.
  • Choose lean meats like chicken, fish, or turkey without skin, instead of hamburger or steaks marbled with fat.
  • Eat and drink lots of low-fat or fat-free dairy products.

Remember to add exercise into your weight management equation. Make a commitment to yourself to get active. It’s okay to start out slowly, then gradually increase your activity level until you’re working out and burning calories on most days of the week. The more exercise you get, the better you’ll feel — and the easier it will be to maintain your weight.  (By / Reviewed by Cynthia Haines, MD)

 

 

Diet For Disease Prevention and Senior Health Care (Part I)

Maintaining a healthy diet throughout life can do more than just keep you slim and fit. Healthy eating is important to senior health care and can sometimes prevent diseases such as heart disease and cancer, as well as provide relief for diseases such as osteoporosis. Unfortunately, the importance of eating well is often pushed aside by our busy day to day lives. We continue to jeopardize our future health and get caught up in the cycle of fast food, large portions and sodium laden meals. A healthy diet doesn’t have to be daunting on our schedules, or mean giving up all the food we love. A simple eating plan can actually make meals and snacks more efficient for both our time and our bodies.

While a healthy diet is important for an individual of any age, it is especially important for seniors and senior health care. Creating a healthy lifestyle while we are younger, and maintaining it as we grow older, can prevent many senior health care issues, and keep disease at bay. While many seniors rely on specialized senior services for their senior health care needs, it’s important to do all we can beforehand to maintain our health and practice preventative care. Below is a list of diseases which can be found with senior citizens:

– Osteoporosis

– Heart Disease

– Cancer

We are going to continually discuss what kind of foods that can help to prevent or manage these disease on part II shortly.  Please don’t forget to come to check up our blog to obtain more information.

 

 

Seniors Need to Demand the Health Care They Deserve

It appears that seniors in our society have become complacent about ho-hum  health care. In a recent study, most seniors stated they were satisfied with  their primary health care even though they indicated that their doctors were not  asking them about health issues that can mean life or death to older Americans.  Almost a third of those polled said that their doctors never asked them about  the medications they were taking, and only 30% had doctors who had inquired  about their incidence of falling which basically amounts to ignoring the #1  cause of injury for senior citizens. In response to these discoveries, seniors  need to step up their game and become more proactive during visits to their  primary care doctors.

The number one rule of all doctor visits is to take a list of all the  medications you are taking with you, including the dosage. Include any dietary  supplements and  over-the-counter preparations you are taking, too. You might also consider  writing down a  list of questions you want to ask. You can do this over the several weeks prior  to the appointment. Just jot down thoughts as they come to you, and during time  spent with the doctor, you’ll be able to read them off knowing that you aren’t  forgetting to mention something important.

Never hesitate to discuss anything relevant with your doctor. Be completely  honest, because not even the most skilled physician can keep you in good health  without knowing exactly how you’re feeling. Some topics may seem difficult to  talk about, but rest assured that your doctor has already heard it all, and  anything you have to say is just a part of a physician’s day’s work. Don’t be  afraid to admit to the truths about your condition. For example, if you are  experiencing difficulty with your driving, don’t hold this information back for  fear you may lose your license. It may well be that your doctor can help you  with these problems, and, if not, you shouldn’t be driving, for your own safety  and that of other drivers.

Make sure your primary care physician is aware of any other doctors you are  seeing and any medications the other doctors have prescribed. Your health care  program needs to be coordinated by someone, and your primary care doctor is the  best one for the job.

Don’t let your doctor try to rush you through a check-up. Ask questions, and  insist on answers. Many doctors have little experience with older patients and  tend to feel uncomfortable navigating in unknown territory. Therefore, the  doctor could be ignoring something that’s wrong with you because he doesn’t want  to deal with it. A sad fact about today’s health care is that most seniors  totally trust their doctors to take care of them, even when they aren’t. If you  feel like you’re getting a runaround, you probably are. The sooner most  conditions are diagnosed, the better your chances of beating them. Therefore,  insist on the care you deserve.  (By Kristie Brown)

 

How to Live with Diabetes.

If you have diabetes, you’ll be looking into improving and maintaining your health for the long run. You control your diabetes successfully, by eating well, exercising and keeping informed about developments for better treatment. Your quality of life is also about finding ways to be happy, share with others and have fun in your life. While you’ve got a condition which will affect you medically, it is possible to start each day afresh and take control of your health rather than let it dictate your routine.

Make an appointment to discuss your overall health with your trusted health team. This is important, both so that you understand what will help you and you don’t feel alone dealing with this disease. In particular:

  • Always seek medical advice for any questions or concerns you may have.
  • Do not let small things go unnoticed––even little changes can mean something significant and the sooner you bring it to the attention of your doctor, the better.
  • If you have not been following your recommended diet, or taking your medications as directed, you need to see your doctor.

Follow your recommended diet with care. Your doctor or dietitian should have given you a diet to follow; diet is key to maintaining wellness when you have diabetes. Every diabetic individual has differing needs, so it’s likely that your doctor has tailored the diet suggestion to your specific needs.

  • If you haven’t been given a recommended diet, ask for one.
  • Ask questions about what special needs you have and where you can source healthful options from if they’re hard to obtain in your area.
  • Remember to drink carefully too––many commercial and homemade drinks contain sugar and other additions that may spoil a carefully followed diet if not accounted for.
  • A food diary can be helpful if you’re struggling to stay on track. This will let you see where you have food triggers (such as emotional eating when upset or eating sugary foods when tired, etc.) and allows you to plan ahead and prevent bad eating habits.
  • Learn to read labels. Everyone should read nutrition labels on food but for diabetics, this is even more important.

Know what is healthy to eat as a diabetic. The American Diabetes Association recommends food that is healthy for all persons, whether diabetic or not, so it’s nice to know that you are eating for health generally, not just to control the diabetes. The Association’s recommended foods include:

  • Whole grains, beans, noodles, and starchy vegetables (including unrefined potatoes): 6 or more total servings per day. (Breads and cereals should be limited and low in sodium, avoiding white flour.)
  • Fruit: 2-4 servings per day
  • Vegetables: 3-5 servings per day
  • Meat, fish, and cheese: 2-3 servings per day
  • Milk and yogurt: 2-3 servings per day
  • Fats, sweets, and alcohol: Small amounts (subject to your doctor’s recommendations)
  • Condiments should be low in sodium and free of sugar. Check the labels of foods that have been cured, pickled, corned, marinated, smoked and canned.
  • Keep abreast of changes in advice about food intake, as revisions do occur from time to time. Get updates in email format, talk to your doctor regularly and stay alert about nutritional discoveries for diabetics.

Drink at least 6 to 8 cups of fluid daily. While tap water is your absolute best first choice, you can also consume tea, coffee, unflavored soda/mineral waters, diet drinks, artificially sweetened drink powders, low calorie drinks, etc., unless otherwise advised by your doctor. You may need to limit the intake of milk due to its natural milk sugars––ask your doctor for advice.

Include “treats” in your diet. Be sure to ask your health advisers about the role of treats in your diet and what sort of treats are permissible. While sugary confectionery and sugary baked items are now out, this doesn’t mean the end of enjoying sweet treats. There are plenty of good diabetic cookbooks both in stores and online that you can use to recreate sugar-free treats that still taste fantastic. Many health food stores stock diabetic-suitable sweets and treats too, so start hunting around for substitutes that will still “hit the spot” and keep your sweet tooth satisfied.

Exercise regularly. Ask your doctor for the recommended amount of exercise in your case. Usually 20-30 minutes most days of the week is enough. Go for a walk with your friends, or maybe you like going to the gym. Different exercise works for different people, so experiment to find the exercise that you like most, after taking advice from your doctor.

Take your medications as directed. If you have been skipping doses of your medications, then you’re skipping life saving help and risk complications developing. Follow your doctor’s instructions for taking your medications on time and in the correct dosage.

Keep your records updated. Your doctor gave you a record sheet to record your blood glucose levels. While it may seem like a chore, it is important to keep those records accurately and to show them to your doctor regularly.

Watch for diabetic complications. Knowledge is power over fear and if you’re aware of what can go wrong, you have a better chance of noticing the signs early enough to do something about them. Some of the complications that can arise when diabetic include:

  • Heart Disease and Stroke: People with diabetes have extra reasons to be mindful of heart and blood vessel disease. Diabetes carries an increased risk for heart attack, stroke, and complications related to poor circulation.
  • Kidney Disease: Diabetes can damage the kidneys, which not only can cause them to fail, but can also make them lose their ability to filter out waste products.
  • Eye Complications: Diabetes can cause eye problems and may lead to blindness. People with diabetes do have a higher risk of blindness than people without diabetes. Early detection and treatment of eye problems can save your sight.
  • Oral Health and Hygiene: Diabetes gives you a greater risk for gum disease. It’s a good idea to see your dentist regularly.
  • Diabetic Neuropathy and Nerve Damage: One of the most common complications of diabetes is diabetic neuropathy. Neuropathy means damage to the nerves that run throughout the body, connecting the spinal cord to muscles, skin, blood vessels, and other organs.
  • Foot Complications: People with diabetes can develop many different foot problems. Foot problems most often happen when there is nerve damage in the feet or when blood flow is poor.
  • Skin Complications: As many as one-third of people with diabetes will have a skin disorder caused or affected by diabetes at some time in their lives. In fact, such problems are sometimes the first sign that a person has diabetes. Luckily, most skin conditions can be prevented or easily treated if caught early.
  • Gastroparesis and Diabetes: Gastroparesis is a disorder that affects people with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
  • Depression: Feeling down once in a while is normal. But some people feel a sadness that just won’t go away. Life seems hopeless. Feeling this way most of the day for two weeks or more is a sign of serious depression.

Seek support from people who care about you and from people who know what you’re going through. Explain your disease and how it impacts you to your loved ones and friends. They will be supportive when they understand how it affects your life. In some cases, you’ll probably find that family and friends are willing to help you with exercise, food choices and doctor’s visits. Beyond your close circle of friends, you can also reach out to people who have diabetes just like you, by joining a local diabetes support group and attending meet-ups. You may even make new friends but most importantly, you will get a sense of support and discover what others do to cope and lead a healthy life with diabetes.

Ask your doctor about lowering your blood sugar and the need for insulin or snacks for your sleep (night or day): not eating other than light protein snack near bedtime, especially stopping non-essential nutrients 2 or 3 hours before your sleep-time, drinking only water (not alcohol, no caffeine or other stimulants) at such times, telling yourself: “That food will be here tomorrow!”

  • Realize, those late-night snacks should be a no-no for people who have diabetes,per Mayo Clinic article.

  • Hungry after dinner — these “free” foods have few, if any, carbohydrates and calories, so “one” of them won’t cause weight gain or increased blood sugar. Choose a “free” food, such as:

    • A can of diet soda,
    • A serving of sugar-free gelatin,
    • Five baby carrots,
    • Two saltine crackers,
    • One vanilla wafer,
    • Four almonds (or similar nuts),
    • One piece of gum or small hard candy…
  • Give your nerves, liver and the digestive system time to finish work, and to rest and for general recovery, from the sugar produced by [continuing] digestion when asleep;

    Stop blood sugar being unnecessarily elevated during sleep.

    Stop fats or sugars being processed all night in the liver (and allow in-digestion to clear, as well).

Sleep (on an almost empty stomach!) — get 6, preferably 7 or more hours of sleep for recovery time for the nerves and all other systems to settle and rest. This will lower your diabetes problems, i.e.: blood sugar levels [and improve your blood pressure].

Follow these steps and don’t give up. Your life is not over it just needs a little tweak.

10 Practical ways to handle stress.

Stress is inevitable. It walks in and out of our lives on a regular basis. And it can easily walk all over us unless we take action. Fortunately, there are many things you can do to minimize and cope with stress. Here are 10 ideas for handling stress without causing more strain and hassle.

1. Figure out where the stress is coming from.

Oftentimes, when we’re stressed, it seems like a big mess with stressors appearing from every angle. We start to feel like we’re playing a game of dodge ball, ducking and darting so we don’t get smacked by a barrage of balls. We take a defensive position, and not a good one at that.

Instead of feeling like you’re flailing day to day, identify what you’re actually stressed about. Is it a specific project at work, an upcoming exam, a dispute with your boss, a heap of laundry, a fight with your family? By getting specific and pinpointing the stressors in your life, you’re one step closer to getting organized and taking action.

 

2. Consider what you can control—and work on that.

While you can’t control what your boss does, what your in-laws say or the sour state of the economy, you can control how you react, how you accomplish work, how you spend your time and what you spend your money on.

The worst thing for stress is trying to take control over uncontrollable things. Because when you inevitably fail — since it’s beyond your control — you only get more stressed out and feel helpless. So after you’ve thought through what’s stressing you out, identify the stressors that you can control, and determine the best ways to take action.

Take the example of a work project. If the scope is stressing you out, talk it over with your supervisor or break the project down into step-wise tasks and deadlines. Stress can be paralyzing. Doing what’s within your power moves you forward and is empowering and invigorating.

3. Do what you love.

It’s so much easier to manage pockets of stress when the rest of your life is filled with activities you love. Even if your job is stress central, you can find one hobby or two that enrich your world. What are you passionate about? If you’re not sure, experiment with a variety of activities to find something that’s especially meaningful and fulfilling.

4. Manage your time well.

One of the biggest stressors for many people is lack of time. Their to-do list expands, while time flies. How often have you wished for more hours in the day or heard others lament their lack of time? But you’ve got more time than you think.We all have the same 168 hours, and yet there are plenty of people who are dedicated parents and full-time employees and who get at least seven hours of sleep a night and lead fulfilling lives.

5. Create a toolbox of techniques.

One stress-shrinking strategy won’t work for all your problems. For instance, while deep breathing is helpful when you’re stuck in traffic or hanging at home, it might not rescue you during a business meeting.

6. Pick off the negotiables from your plate.

Review your daily and weekly activities to see what you can pick off your plate. “Do your kids really love their extracurricular activities, or are they doing them to please you? Are you volunteering for too many causes, and so stealing time from the ones where you could make the most impact? Does your whole department really need to meet once per week or have that daily conference call?

Reducing your stack of negotiable tasks can greatly reduce your stress.

7. Are you leaving yourself extra vulnerable to stress?

Whether you perceive something as a stressor depends in part on your current state of mind and body. Each transaction we’re involved in takes place in a very specific context that’s affected by our health, sleep, psychoactive substances, whether we’ve had breakfast that day and whether we’re physically fit.”

So if you’re not getting sufficient sleep or physical activity during the week, you may be leaving yourself extra susceptible to stress. When you’re sleep-deprived, sedentary and filled to the brim with coffee, even the smallest stressors can have a huge impact.

8. Preserve good boundaries.

If you’re a people-pleaser like me, saying no feels like you’re abandoning someone, have become a terrible person or are throwing all civility out the window. But of course that couldn’t be further from the truth. Plus, those few seconds of discomfort are well worth avoiding the stress of taking on an extra activity or doing something that doesn’t contribute value to your life.

One thing I’ve noticed about productive, happy people is that they’re very protective of their time and having their boundaries crossed. But not to worry, Building boundaries is a skill you can learn.

9. Realize there’s a difference between worrying and caring.

Sometimes, our mindset can boost stress, so a small issue mushrooms into a pile of problems. We continue worrying, somehow thinking that this is a productive — or at least inevitable — response to stress. But we mistake worry for action.

Worrying is an attempt to exert control over the future by thinking about it, whereas caring is taking action. “When we are caring for someone or something, we do the things that support or advance the best interests of the person or thing that we care about.”

Similarly, fretting about your finances does nothing but get you worked up (and likely prevent you from taking action). Caring about your finances, however, means creating a budget, paying bills on time, using coupons and reducing how often you dine out.

Just this small shift in mindset from worrying to caring can help you adjust your reaction to stress. To see this distinction between worrying and caring, For example:

Worrying about your health involves…

Caring about your health involves…

Worrying about your career involves…

Caring about your career involves…

10. Embrace mistakes—or at least don’t drown in perfectionism.

Another mindset that can exacerbate stress is perfectionism. Trying to be mistake-free and essentially spending your days walking on eggshells is exhausting and anxiety-provoking. Talk about putting pressure on yourself! And as we all know but tend to forget: Perfectionism is impossible and not human, anyway.

“Perfectionism is not the same thing as striving to be your best. Perfectionism is not about healthy achievement and growth” and it’s not self-improvement.

Nothing good can come from perfectionism. Brown writes: “Research shows that perfectionism hampers success. In fact, it’s often the path to depression, anxiety, addiction and life-paralysis [‘all the opportunities we miss because we’re too afraid to put anything out in the world that could be imperfect’].”

Plus, mistake- mistaking can lead to growth. To overcome perfectionism  become more compassionate toward yourself, and  I couldn’t agree more.

Top Dietary Supplements for women.

It should come to no surprise that women have different nutritional needs than men. Women’s bodies handle stress differently than men’s bodies, and their complicated systems require a variety of nutrients to perform at optimum levels. Because  a woman’s health changes with the cyclical nature of her body, it is important that she keep up with this cycle and supplement her nutritional intake accordingly. Many people can benefit from supplementing with essential fatty acids, or EFAs. These Supplements are quite beneficial for the hair, skin and nails all of which concerns women the most. Women will do a lot for the sake of beauty.

EFAs-  Salmon is probably the best natural source of EFAs, but you can also take fish oil quickly and easily by tablet or capsule. So as long as your diligent with your supplement regimen you can reap the same benefits as you would by eating a lot of fish.

Folic Acid-  Another important supplement for women is folic acid. The body does not easily manufacture folic acid , so it is important to supplement the diet with this B-Vitamin derivative.

Calcium- Calcium is a mineral that is especially important for women to have in plentiful amounts. Women are much more prone to osteoporosis, and the chance of developing this debilitating condition can be greatly reduced by taking in sufficient amounts of calcium.

Magnesium- Along with calcium, women should take magnesium in a ratio of 2:1 . Magnesium helps calm anxiety and more important for women it reduces premenstrual cramps and hormonal fluctuations that cause emotions during this time of a women’s cycle.

So let me ask you ladies…Are you girls taking your daily supplements?

Women and Heart Diease

Since our heart is a vital organ in our body, naturally we would want nothing to harm it. Some people find it surprising that negative emotions such as frustration, worry and anger put us as women more at risk for heart disease.  The reason being for us women for being more at risk is for the fact that we are born with more intense emotions. Females feel more joy deeper than men we also take setbacks and disappointments to heart more than men. Did you ladies know there is something called broken heart syndrome? Women are also more than likely to have this condition more than men, GO FIGURE! In this recently recognized heart problem, extreme emotional stress can lead to severe (but often short- term) heart muscle failure. Broken Heart syndrome is also called stress- included cardiomyopathy.

What is the diet as a diabetic?

I know the most frequent asked question is “What foods are appropriate for diabetics?” Being a diabetic doesn’t mean all foods have to be restricted. By doing just a little research you can easily find out what you can eat, how much of it you can consume and how often you can enjoy it.

Recommended foods:

  • Healthy carbohydrates. During digestion, sugars (simple carbohydrates) and starches (complex carbohydrates) break down into blood glucose. Focus on the healthiest carbohydrates, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes (beans, peas and lentils) and low-fat dairy products.
  • Fiber-rich foods. Dietary fiber includes all parts of plant foods that your body can’t digest or absorb. Fiber can decrease the risk of heart disease and help control blood sugar levels. Foods high in fiber include vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes (beans, peas and lentils), whole-wheat flour and wheat bran.
  • Heart-healthy fish. Eat heart-healthy fish at least twice a week. Fish can be a good alternative to high-fat meats. Cod, tuna and halibut, for example, have less total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol than do meat and poultry. Fish such as salmon, mackerel and herring are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which promote heart health by lowering blood fats called triglycerides. However, avoid fried fish and fish with high levels of mercury, such as tilefish, swordfish and king mackerel.
  • ‘Good’ fats. Foods containing monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats — such as avocados, almonds, pecans, walnuts, olives, and canola, olive and peanut oils — can help lower your cholesterol levels. Eat them sparingly, however, as all fats are high in calories.

Foods to avoid Diabetes increases your risk of heart disease and stroke by accelerating the development of clogged and hardened arteries. Foods containing the following can work against your goal of a heart-healthy diet.

  • Saturated fats. High-fat dairy products and animal proteins such as beef, hot dogs, sausage and bacon contain saturated fats. Get no more than 7 percent of your daily calories from saturated fat.
  • Trans fats. These types of fats are found in processed snacks, baked goods, shortening and stick margarines and should be avoided completely.
  • Cholesterol. Sources of cholesterol include high-fat dairy products and high-fat animal proteins, egg yolks, shellfish, liver and other organ meats. Aim for no more than 200 milligrams (mg) of cholesterol a day.
  • Sodium. Aim for less than 2,000 mg of sodium a day.

How does one person know they are diabetic?

How does a person know they are a diabetic? One of my family members is a diabetic, he had to find out through a doctor but he denies being one, so  I did a lot of research when I found out about my uncle’s diabetes and I have come up with this:

Diabetes mellitus is a disorder characterized by the inability
of the body to either produce or respond to insulin making it impossible to
maintain proper levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. The extra glucose is
excreted in the urine and because of the high level of glucose more water is
flushed through. The diabetic experiences excessive urination and
thirst. The
term Diabetes mellitus literally explains these symptoms: The Greek term
diabainein, means “to pass through” (referring to the excessive urination) and
mellitus comes from the Latin “sweetened with honey” (referring to the excessive
presence of sugar).
There are basically two major types of diabetes: Type 1
(insulin-dependent) and Type 2 (non-insulin dependent).

Type 1
(formerly known juvenile-onset diabetes, because it is diagnosed in children or
young adults) is caused by both genetic and environmental causes. In this case,
the person’s immune system produces antibodies that destroy the cells that
produce insulin. Because the body can’t produce insulin on its own, daily
insulin injections are required.

Type 2
(formerly known as adult-onset diabetes, because it normally appears in people
aged over 40) is the most common form of diabetes, accounting for about 90% of
cases. Genetic factors play a major role in the development of Type 2, but
obesity is also a major factor. A typical Western lifestyle means a diet that is
high in fat and low in carbohydrates and a minimal exercise plan and these
habits are strong risk factors. Interestingly, people who do not live in
Westernized areas do not tend to get Type 2 diabetes, regardless of their family
history.

A third type of diabetes, known as Gestational Diabetes,
affects women who have high blood-sugar levels during pregnancy. This should be
monitored as it can adversely affect the baby. There is also a high probably
that women who experience gestational diabetes will develop Type 2 diabetes at a
later stage.

Diabetes symptoms to watch out for include; frequent
urination, excessive thirst and hunger, unusual weight loss, increased fatigue,
irritability and blurry vision. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) website
is an informative starting point for all. Visit the site today and take the
Online Diabetes Risk Test, which can help you determine if you are at risk of
developing diabetes. If you are deemed at risk and are experiencing one or more
of the above mentioned symptoms you should see your doctor immediately. If you are diagnosed with diabetes the ADA website has informative articles the disease, plus lots of suggestions on lifestyle and diet changes for those diagnosed with diabetes. A quick Internet search for “Diabetes Supply” will also bring up various sites offering products suitable for those living with diabetes.There’s nothing at all to be scared of. There’s lots of help and advice available literally at your fingertips.

Diabetes and Hypertension

Hypertension, a problem of very high blood pressure, is a common problem  particularly in the United States where as many as one in four people suffer  from it. However, those with diabetes are even more susceptible to the problem,  and are doubly as likely to have hypertension. Depending on other factors, a  person with diabetes may have as much as a 60% chance of also having  hypertension.

The two problems are linked by a variety of different factors. The most  common and important of which is being very overweight, a problem associated  with type 2 diabetes. However, insulin resistance, immune system and autonomic  factors all come into play as well. Additionally, hypertension can make some  symptoms and conditions of diabetes more dangerous and more prevalent.

Those that have diabetes typically already have stricter blood pressure  requirements than those in the rest of the population. This can make  hypertension all the more serious, and it’s something that shouldn’t be taken  lightly. Serious problems ranging from heart attacks to strokes and more can all  stem from prolonged hypertension.

A person who has both diabetes and hypertension can seek out a variety of  treatments. There are several classes of drugs which can attack the problem in  different ways. Considering the seriousness of hypertension, particularly in  those with diabetes, drugs are often recommended as a primary way for combating  the issue.

This should also be combined however with a general health and fitness plan  designed to lose weight and be healthier. Even moderate amounts of mild exercise  can make a big difference over the long term in lowering blood pressure.  Participating in moderate to intense exercise several times a week is even  better. The physical exertion is healthy in and of itself but should also pay  dividends towards a goal of achieving weight loss.

Eating better foods can also make a big difference towards hypertension and  high blood pressure levels. Particularly, cutting back on sodium in your diet  can have a positive effect as one example. Potassium is a key nutrient that you  should be sure to include heavily in your diet as well. While weight loss is a  goal, weight loss drugs have to be taken with care. For example, some appetite  suppressants actually increase blood pressure as a side effect. Always consult  your doctor when considering various medications.

Additionally, smoking can add to the problem of hypertension and needs to be  stopped. Avoiding or moderating your intake of alcohol is also important, and  other stimulants such as caffeine should be monitored.

With these lifestyle changes you can make a big dent in a combined  hypertension and diabetes problem. However, to reach the target goals of  improvement and to ensure success it is usually recommended to make these  healthier life decisions while also taking one or more medications to help  control the problem as well. Considering the seriousness of hypertension and  it’s extremely high correlation with diabetes, it is a problem that cannot be  overlooked. (by Jennifer Kirkman)