Diabetes and Hypertension

Hypertension, a problem of very high blood pressure, is a common problem  particularly in the United States where as many as one in four people suffer  from it. However, those with diabetes are even more susceptible to the problem,  and are doubly as likely to have hypertension. Depending on other factors, a  person with diabetes may have as much as a 60% chance of also having  hypertension.

The two problems are linked by a variety of different factors. The most  common and important of which is being very overweight, a problem associated  with type 2 diabetes. However, insulin resistance, immune system and autonomic  factors all come into play as well. Additionally, hypertension can make some  symptoms and conditions of diabetes more dangerous and more prevalent.

Those that have diabetes typically already have stricter blood pressure  requirements than those in the rest of the population. This can make  hypertension all the more serious, and it’s something that shouldn’t be taken  lightly. Serious problems ranging from heart attacks to strokes and more can all  stem from prolonged hypertension.

A person who has both diabetes and hypertension can seek out a variety of  treatments. There are several classes of drugs which can attack the problem in  different ways. Considering the seriousness of hypertension, particularly in  those with diabetes, drugs are often recommended as a primary way for combating  the issue.

This should also be combined however with a general health and fitness plan  designed to lose weight and be healthier. Even moderate amounts of mild exercise  can make a big difference over the long term in lowering blood pressure.  Participating in moderate to intense exercise several times a week is even  better. The physical exertion is healthy in and of itself but should also pay  dividends towards a goal of achieving weight loss.

Eating better foods can also make a big difference towards hypertension and  high blood pressure levels. Particularly, cutting back on sodium in your diet  can have a positive effect as one example. Potassium is a key nutrient that you  should be sure to include heavily in your diet as well. While weight loss is a  goal, weight loss drugs have to be taken with care. For example, some appetite  suppressants actually increase blood pressure as a side effect. Always consult  your doctor when considering various medications.

Additionally, smoking can add to the problem of hypertension and needs to be  stopped. Avoiding or moderating your intake of alcohol is also important, and  other stimulants such as caffeine should be monitored.

With these lifestyle changes you can make a big dent in a combined  hypertension and diabetes problem. However, to reach the target goals of  improvement and to ensure success it is usually recommended to make these  healthier life decisions while also taking one or more medications to help  control the problem as well. Considering the seriousness of hypertension and  it’s extremely high correlation with diabetes, it is a problem that cannot be  overlooked. (by Jennifer Kirkman)


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